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Objectives of HAND in HAND with EDUCATED and LABOUR PEOPLE (HHELP, Sindh)

Education:

A picture is worth a thousand words! According to a survey conducted by officials of the district revenue department As many as 500 primary schools remain closed and 2,000 ghost teachers regularly receive salary in Dadu district. The survey report said that most of the closed schools situated in far-flung areas were being used as Otaqs (guest houses) by influential landlords. The report said that 500 schools remained closed in Dadu district, of them 118 in Dadu taluka, 109 in Khairpur Nathan Shah, 94 in Mehar and 179 in Johi taluka. According to other surveys conducted by other non-government Organizations the standard of education in rural areas of District Dadu is increasingly deteriorating and the girls? enrolment is extremely low.

Health:

People, in general, are poor and experience high levels of mortality, morbidity and disability. An appropriately defined and maintained set of health indicators provides information for the elaboration of a relevant profile of a population?s health situation. In District Dadu,Health care services in District Dadu need improvement and concerted efforts to meet national as well as Millennium Developmental Goals (MDGs). Figure Under five mortality rate, Infant Mortality Rate Comparison is estimated at 90 per thousand live births, which is higher than the national figure of 77 under five mortality rate is estimated to be 147 which is higher than provincial and national level . The prevalence of underweight in children (under five years of age) is 46% as compared to 38% in Sindh and 38%3 in Pakistan. 12% of the population is currently using iodized salt as compared to 22% in Sindh. Comparison of health indicators of Dadu, Sindh and Pakistan. The health care services provided by the public health sector in District Dadu consists of 1 DHQ Hospital, 3 THQ Hospitals, 3 Rural Health Centers, 44 Basic Health Units and 2 MCHCs. The analysis of the health situation reveals a major problem due to the imbalance between rural and urban area in term of facilities, which requires an urgent attention. Health and hygiene condition in the aforementioned district is quite disappointing which highly requires the attention of the authorities.

Human Rights:

The women in the country are dually affected by rising extremism and Poverty. In 2012, 626 women committed suicide, a figure which offers a Glimpse into the utter helplessness felt by women. Even though numerous Legislations have been presented and passed in order to provide women with safe working environments; it is still estimated by the federal ombudswoman for protection of women against harassment at the workplace According to 2012 report compiled by government department for Human Rights which states that 60% women still face harassment. Harmful traditions continue to target women, hampering their growth And curtailing their basic human rights. According to the media monitoring by the said department, 913 girls and women were killed in the name of honor in 2012; this figure includes 99 minor girls. In majority of the cases, the girls were accused of illicit relations and then murdered by close relatives or family. As long as the law provides the victim?s family with the option of pardon and compensation, the crime of honor killing shall continue unabated. According to media reports, 83 incidents of acid throwing were reported In 2012. Violence against women has become order of the day even in interior districts of Sindh like Dadu. According to findings by an NGO working Purely on women`s rights in Dadu, approximately 1700 cases of different Kinds of violation were identified in the district.

Environment:

Kachho, an arid zone in Dadu district, has been heaven for wildlife for long which Spreads over approximately 1500-1600 square km, the Kachho area is located mainly in Johi Taluka in Dadu district. Its population is scattered and estimated over 100,000 people. In the monsoon season the people of Kachho can be seen happy. Earthen mountains wear a pleasant look. The people start to arrange celebrations of marriages of their sons and daughters. In this area there used to be trees, which inspired various wildlife species to come and stay here peacefully but now due to deforestation there is no abode or attraction for birds and animals. Nowadays the Kachho area is being destroyed on many ways. People are chopping and cutting trees. Although recent rains have brought happiness for Kachho people but excessively cutting of trees has created threats to wildlife. Local activists said lack of awareness among people and increasing unemployment in the area might be the cause of depleting naturally grown groves in Kachho, consequently endangering environment. Most of the people being illiterate do not know the harmful environmental effects of cutting trees in the arid area Literacy rate in the areas is very low, because of neglect of the government to the social sector in this backward area. Corruption has multiplied the miseries of the people. According to local people, about 10 to 20 tractor trolleys, with approximately 100 to 200 maund of timber on each trolley were going out of Kachho area daily for on-ward sale to the nearby towns. Local wood-sellers, kiln owners, pottery makers and furniture manufacturers are purchasers of that wood. The social scientists recommend increasing awareness among masses and motivating them not to cut trees for the sake of protecting their environment and health. The environmentalists, non-governmental organizations and government should plan and implement any better solution to stop this malpractice- possibly, the provision of other income generating options or credits to the involved people.

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